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Professor of Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering Universitas Brawijaya (FT-UB), Prof. Ir. Antariksa Sudikno, M. Eng., Ph.D., said that a homogenous and heterogeneous culture is very influential in the development of cities in Indonesia rather than the development of the cities located in the western countries.

This overview was delivered during the Architecture and Urban Seminar entitled City of Tomorrow held at the Auditorium Prof. Ir. Suryono, Tuesday, May 10, 2016.

Historical and architectural preservation experts expressed the definition of “city”, either in Sanskrit or Javanese, is a fortress or stronghold. And also, almost all the forts in the ancient cities in Java have different construction with Dutch heritage forts.

“Originally the development of ancient cities in Indonesia was as part of the kingdom. But now we incline more to the development trend of the city in Europe,” he said.

However, that does not mean Antariksa opposes the theory of the west. But culturally, geographically, and the context is very different. Then he pointed out several cities which based on the above understanding, such as Pingyao and Xi’an city in China, as well as Mohenjodaro and Kumbhalgarh City in India. City surrounded by high walls or a fortress where people take shelter when there is danger.

Yogyakarta-born lecturer then said that Southeast Asia is a region that quiet important and interesting to study the culture. Culture in the urban centers in the Southeast Asian may be homogeneous, but inside it still included a heterogeneous elements. Likewise, heterogeneous elements can be entered homogeneous element. This is in contrast to what happened in western countries.

“That explains why there are Kampung China, Kampung Hindu, Kampung Arab, and so on. If it so, then what? The elements certainly changed, from that case it will create acculturation,” he said.

Things like this will not be found in cities outside of Southeast Asia. According to the alumni of the Kyoto Institute of Technology, this would invite a wider research studies, a various cultural context and ethnic would certainly affect the urban space.

Actually, Antariksa continued, every city in any country has universal traits. Just a different cultural context. City with great economic and educational background certainly interesting. Instead, the city with a lowers state of economy and education will have many problems.

“The context of culture and economy were very influential. If we want to adapt the European cities to Java, it surely will take a long time, because the economy and education aspect are very influential, “he explained.

Architecture and city planning without ethics will cause problems. Public space could displaced by the construction and function of the new, a chaotic billboards placement, and there will be so many uncontrolled building, shop-houses, and mall.

Then, the expansion of the postmodern architecture often destroy traditional structure. According to him, now Indonesia was experiencing a cultural change in the opposite with local culture.

“The true goals of architecture are to continue, improve quality, and to celebrate life. So that people can be more established and better in every way than before,” he said. (and/mic)

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